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Cloettapreis_2012_Nr_40

15 Brain mechanisms of bodily self-consciousness and subjectivity: Review and outlook Olaf Blanke Bertarelli Foundation Chair in Cognitive Neuroprosthetics Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience Center for Neuroprosthetics & Brain Mind Institute Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland Abstract Recent data that have linked self-consciousness to the processing of multisensory bodily signals in human temporo-parietal and premo- tor cortex. Studies in which subjects receive ambiguous multisenso- ry information about the location and appearance of their own body have shown that activity in these brain areas reflects the conscious experience of identifying with the body (self-identification), the ex- perience of where «I» am in space (self-location), and the experience of the perspective from where «I» perceive the world (first-person perspective). These findings may form the basis for a neurobiologi- cal model of self-consciousness. In the conclusion I highlight other domains of cognitive neuroscience that are of relevance for under- standing higher-order forms of self-consciousness and the relevance of these findings for cognitive neuroprosthetics.

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