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13 BIOGRAPHY Olaf Blanke, born 1969 in Minden (Germany), is director of the Center for Neuroprosthetics at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), holds the Bertarelli Foundation Chair in Cognitive Neuropros- thetics, and is consultant neurologist at the Department of Neurology (Geneva University Hospital). He studied Medicine in Münster, Berlin, and Paris and received his PhD in neurophysiology from the Free ­University of Berlin. Blanke received his training in clinical neurology at Geneva University Hospital, specializing in behavioral neurology, ­epileptology, and clinical electrophysiology. In 2004, he founded the ­Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience at EPFL. Blanke’s research tar- gets the brain mechanisms of body perception, corporeal awareness and self-consciousness, applying paradigms from cognitive science, neuro­ science, neuroimaging, robotics, and virtual reality in healthy subjects and neurological patients. His two main goals are to understand and ­control neural own body representations to develop a neurobiological model of self-consciousness and to apply these findings in neuro-rehabi- litation and in the emerging fields of cognitive neuroprosthetics and ­human-computer confluence. Olaf Blanke has received the Pfizer Prize in 2004 and in 2006 the Robert Bing Prize from the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences.